A beautiful smile always wins the impression and is one of the basic characteristics of a person which is initially observed by everyone. Upgrading the look of your smile in terms of the tooth color is achieved through teeth whitening, which is a non-invasive aesthetic technique that aims to remove stains from the teeth so that they become whiter.
What is Teeth Whitening?
Teeth Whitening is a simple, painless, fast processed, and safe cosmetic dental treatment that aims to improve the color of the patient’s teeth. This procedure works only on natural teeth and is 100 percent safe, under the supervision of a properly trained dentist. In the end, the result will be a whiter as well as a brighter smile for the patient.
Which are the Factors that can Be Associated with the Tooth’s Color Change?
The factors associated with the tooth color change, are as follows:
- Age: there is a direct relationship between age and tooth color. Over time, teeth become darker, as a result of wear and the accumulation of pigments
- Eating habits: frequent consumption of coffee, red wine, tea, but also soft drinks, beverages, carrots, oranges, beets, as well as citrus fruits or vinegar in general, contribute to the corrosion of enamel. Remember that any food that soils white clothes, charges your teeth with pigments
- Smoking: nicotine releases brown pigments which are slowly absorbed into the tooth structure and cause discoloration
- Medicaments – Chemicals: the use of tetracycline during tooth formation, produces dark gray or brown spots that are difficult to remove. Excessive consumption of fluoride can also cause white spots
- Trauma: Falling blows as well as other injuries can cause large cracks in the teeth, which in turn can accumulate large amounts of stains or debris.
- Chemicals: such as drugs, the widespread use of tetracycline, chlorhexidine and the abuse of fluoride, which cause teeth to discolor
- Falling injuries: because they create cracks in the teeth that favor the accumulation of debris or stains
How does Teeth Whitening Work?
Teeth Whitening is completed by applying some whitening gels on the patient’s teeth. It affects the highly colored organic molecules that appear between the hydroxyapatite crystals of tooth enamel or the border part between enamel and dentin as well as degrades them so that they move away from the tooth enamel. Those organic molecules give the teeth a stained appearance.
For surface staining of the teeth, place the whitening gel for 30 to 60 minutes on the tooth surface.
However, for deep stains that start from the inside part of the tooth, as is the case with dead or denervated teeth. After that, the whitening gel must be placed on the inside part of the pulp chamber and several times at the root canal, i.e., that means that a hole must be drilled and placed inside the tooth and then the tooth must be sealed. This should be repeated two or three times a week. The teeth whitening process continues until these organic molecules are completely discolored.
The whitening process works best and whitens your teeth when the pigments are in the shade of yellow or brown. When the teeth are in the shade of gray then it is difficult or even impossible to whiten a patient’s teeth.
Ways of Teeth Whitening
Before each teeth whitening process, the teeth must be cleaned in the dental clinic. There are three teeth whitening methods that are named as the most appropriate ones:
- the session with the use of a LED lamp in the dental clinic, which helps in the better penetration of the whitening gel. This in turn breaks down, while allowing oxygen to enter the enamel and dentin of your teeth. Depending on the color as well as the condition of the patient’s teeth, it can improve their color up to 8 tones whiter relying on the condition of the teeth and the patient’s desire.
- Splints that the patient can use at his or her home at night. The dentist takes the measurements of the patient’s upper and lower jaw, to make the splints (jaws) in order to fit perfectly in his or her mouth. From then on, it provides the whitening material and informs him about the exact way of its application.
- the combination of the two methods that we mentioned above, from which an excellent aesthetic result will arise.
The Teeth Whitening Process
It is preceded by the photographing of the patient’s teeth, before the teeth whitening. After that, it is continued in the specialized color chart that exists in the dental clinic and always in collaboration with the patient, the dentist finds the color tone of his or her teeth.
This part is followed by the removal of dental plaque and the reclusion of the gums and soft tissues of the oral cavity. Afterwards, whitening gel is added to your teeth which is distinguished when the patient smiles. So, the whitening gel is applied for about 30 minutes and we estimate that each treatment will last around 60 minutes.
Can Everyone Have Teeth Whitening?
There are people in whom teeth whitening must be avoided. Patients with gum disease – such as gingivitis, periodontitis – as well as patients with extensive prosthetic work and many occlusions belong to this group of people.
Ways that Can Help you Maintain the Result
There are some steps that the patient can follow, in order to maintain the result for a longer period of time. Those manners include:
- Good oral hygiene (brushing teeth after every meal)
- Flossing your teeth (removes plaque and food debris between teeth)
- Consume chewing gum without sugar (increases saliva flow and cleans tooth surfaces) after eating, when you do not have a toothbrush with you
- Good nutritional conditions (avoiding foods and drinks that stain teeth)
- Stop or at least reduce smoking
- Annual applications of whitening maintenance in the dentist’s office
- Reduced use of chlorhexidine-containing oral solutions
Is Teeth Whitening a Safe Procedure for My Teeth?
The above question is probably the most frequently asked question that we hear from patients who are thinking about having teeth whitening for the first time. Of course, it is a safe process, as long as it is completed by a specialized staff of dentists that contains certified products. In certain patients, the dentist will judge and decide to finally administer fluoride or calcium supplements in addition to the bleach which will help in the sensitivity that may cause treatment in the patients.
Can I Eat or Drink Whatever I Want During the Whitening Procedure?
It is advisable to avoid certain foods that have a lot of pigment, during the teeth whitening procedure. These viands include black tea and generally beverages, coffee, energy drinks that athletes drink, even red and white wine, soy sauce, balsamic vinegar, cola, and finally red fruits and vegetables – such as cherries, strawberries, blackberries, red grapes, beets and so on.
Is Teeth Whitening a Painful Procedure?
Teeth whitening is at the most part a painless procedure, but sometimes some sensitivities can be created in your teeth, because they can be eroded, have bare roots, have deep and many cracks, and sometimes some patients have very sensitive teeth.
Many times, patients use the gel for more time, violating the dentist’s instructions or putting too much gel on the splints they use in the home whitening process, which is resulting in tenderness in the gums. Then what can be done is for the patient to take a painkiller or to stop the procedure for a day or two or even to reduce the concentration of the whitening agent and generally to consult his or her dentist.